Ruling family tree in Qatar
Shiekh Muhammad Bin Thani Al-Thani is the top of the ruling family tree in Qatar, according to the emirate history.
Succeeded by shiekh Qasim Bin Muhammad Al-Thani. After him, shiekh Abdullah Bin Kasem Al-Thani took over the emirate ruling.
Shiekh Abdullah had three sons: Shiekh Hassan Bin Abdullah Al-Thani, Shiekh Hamad Bin Abdullah Al-Thani, who is the grandfather of the current Qatar ruler “shiekh Hamad”.
As for the third, he is shiekh Ali Bin Abdullah Al-Thani.
Between those two, started the story of the coup in Al-Thani family.
The beginning of the coup story in Qatar.
The story began when shiekh Hamad Bin Abdullah Al-Thani appointed his brother Ali as his successor, as he is better than his son “Khalifa”.
But the brother “Ali” left the rule for his son “Ahmad”, and did not return it to his nephew “Khalifa”.
That was the shift that resulted later in the series of family coups, that ended now in the reaching of shiekh “Hamad” -the current ruler- for the emirate chair, After overthrowing his father “Khalifa Bin Hamad Al-Thani” in 1995.
When Qatar gained its independence from UK in 1971, the sheikhdom was ruled by shiekh “Ahmad Bin Ali Al-Thani” whose father granted him the emirate, instead of returning it to his nephew “Khalifa” as was expected.
Instead, it was settled to appoint “Khalifa” as a successor. Yet he did not content with that, so he overthrown his cousin in a military coup.
Then he reinforced his rule by handing over the aspects of the state to his sons.
The position of the current Qatari prince “shiekh Hamad” among his brothers.
Shiekh Khalifa Bin Hamad Al-Thani has 18 children (13 daughters and 5 sons).
Shiekh “Hamad”, the current ruler of the country.
Shiekh Abdullaziz and Shiekh Abdullah.
Shiekh Muhammad and shiekh Jasem.
Shiekh “Hamad” was “Khalifa’s” elder son, and less interested in his education and study.
He finished secondary school very hard, and through a princely mediation.
Then he was sent to “Sandhurst Military Academy” in UK.
Hamad was unable finish studying in this college, as he was dismissed after 9 month
Yet he returned to Qatar with the rank of “General”!!
And after his arrival, he became the army leader .. then crown prince in 1971.
The marriage of shiekh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani
Shiekh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani married three times.
His first marriage was to his cousin Mariam Bint Muhammad Al-Thani… two sons (Mishaal and Fahd).
His second marriage was from Moza Bint Naser Al-Musned.. her children (Tamim, Hind, Mayasa, Jasem, Jawa’an, Khalifa and Mhmd).
His third marriage was from his cousin Norah Bint Khaled Al-Thani.. her children (Khaled, Abdullah, Muhammad, Khalifa and Kaakaa).
Marrying off Hamad to Moza bint Naser Al-Musned was a political deal with a privilege between Khalifa and Musned families.
A deal that limits the ambitions of Musned family.
Naser Al-Musned was a fierce opponent to the rule of Khalifa family.
So there was the marriage of Hamad and Mosa in return of irregular privileges and authorities that were granted to Musned family.
As this marriage was a deal that restrained Musned family dreams in the emirate chair on the near extend, it was at the same time the “knockout” to the rule of Khalifa conclusively, on the somewhat far extend.
A marriage that overturned the family history.
Shiekha Moza was not content to be only the wife of the crown prince, specially that prince Khalifa’s health was implying that he will live long.. at least theoretically.
Helping her in what she desired, was her husband’s “shiekh Hamad” ambitious in succeeding his father, and worried about his cousins influence, whom publicly declared their right to rule.
So Mosa rushed to inflame the situation for the sake of her husband, so that he takes over, before they do.
Mosa’s close position to the ruling family, as the wife of shiekh Hamad the crown prince, made her note the grandfather Khalifa’s attention to his grandson Mishaal, the son of the first wife Mariam.
As being the next ruler… specially that her husband Hamad has Kidney failure, and his death was expected at any moment.
So she had to hurry in planning and execution, before anything happen to her husband, as then the chance will be lost forever.
The sward that Mosa used.
Mosa was unable plan and execute all by herself, so she had to choose someone wise and powerful enough to carry on this mission.
This person was from the same family, shiekh Hamad Bin Jasem Bin Jaber Al-Thani, prime minister and current foreign minister.
The wife of the isolated khiekh “Khalifa” is the sister of Hamad Bin Jasem, and it was said, that the sister cut the ties with her brother, and issued an internal declaration within the family, distributed from her residence back then in Abu Dhabi.
Declaring her exempt from her brother Hamad Bin Jasem and her two sons Abdullah and Muhammad, who have joined their brother Hamad in overthrowing his father after he split the cake for everyone.
The tale of the son’s coup on his father.
Tuesday, June 27th, 1995.
Shiekh Khalifa had left Qatar to Europe on a luxury trip, similar to all the Gulf shiekhs and VIPs in the summer.
The prince had a goodbye party in Doha airport, and shiekh Hamad kissed his father’s hand with the media watching.
A kiss, which was a stamp and a seal signed by Hamad on a bill that overturned the emirate history.
Who was a crown prince, became through this kiss a prince, and who was a prince, after the kiss became nothing.
A kiss declared being the barrier between drawing the coup plan, and the start of implementing it.
The plan of the son’s coup over his father.
The TV coup!
Close sources to the father shiekh Khalifa, said: his son shiekh Hamad, invited the sheikdom’s elders, then the TV filmed them while they were shaking his hand.
From the elder’s point of view, the invitation was normal, as they didn’t know that this party and this hand shake will be presented to the public as a pledge of allegiance to the new prince.
Tuesday morning, Qatar TV disrupted its broadcast to announce declaration No.1
as what was expected…. happened.
The TV broadcasted images for the sheikhdom elders pledging their allegiance to sheikh Hamad as his father’s successor.
It was said later; that the broadcasted mute images were montaged in a way serves the idea of implying the pledge.
Which forced the media channels to describe the coup as a “TV coup”!!
Shakes after the coup earthquake.
The coup resulted in arresting 36 people who were close to father sheikh “Khalfa”.
They were sent to “Buhamoor” prison.
In February 1996, a conspiracy was discovered to overturn the new rule regime, led by sheikh Khalifa’s cousin.
It seems that Hamad’s sons (the new ruler of the country) had participated one way or another in the conspiracy, to avenge their grandfather.
That was a golden chance for Mosa, to clear the stage for her two sons, Jasem and Tamim.
She exploit it perfectly, as the old source of worry “Meshaal” the son of her first fellow wife, is now exactly in the range.
She accused him of conspiring with his grandfather on his father, i.e her husband.
So he was ousted from all his military positions, and placed under house arrest with the supervision of her son Jasem, who became the handler of all the security issues in the country, among them the Qatari intelligence service.
As for his brother Fahd, his fate was similar.
He was accused for supporting Arab Afghans, through what was called his “close relation” with Osama Bin Laden back then.
He was accused of being an extremist Islamist, and was ousted from the shields weapon, and then finally and because of his religious tendency, he was accused of madness, to be placed under house arrest.
After the failed coup attempt against his father Hamad Bin Khalifa, Who’s presence was rooted as a future prince for the country, and to crown all that, in October 1996, Mosa’s eldest son, sheikh Jasem Bin Hamad was appointed as crown prince.
Distributing the coup cake.
The coup would not have succeeded unless it was pushed by hands from within the ruling family itself.
As the wife of the displaced prince Khalifa, disavowed her brother Hamad Bin Jasem, and her two sons, Abdullah and Muhammad for participating in the plot.
So the new prince had to make a distribution that would satisfy all, averting any uncalculated turnover.
He granted the Prime Ministry to his brother Abdullah, and appointed his uncle Hamad Bin Jasem as Foreign Minister, Who became in 2003 as Prime Minister, keeping the position of foreign minister as well, after sheikh Abdulla’s resignation.
Not accepting the reality by the displaced father, and leading a coup attempt over his son after less than one year, led to the compulsion of the son and the new prince who is trying to root his govern, sheikh Hamad to play the card of the corruption scandals against his father, which led to uncover many secrets about the regional and international relations of the emirate.
It turned out that the oil incomes goes entirely to a personal account in the prince’s name.. About 10 Million Dollars.
And less than 20% of this income is paid to the sheikdom people and its services, and the Public facilities.
It was realized also that the prince has a known share in all the companies and institutions working in the sheikdom.
And all the bribes and commissions of the treatment deals and weapons and others, go to the prince and his sons.
His sons, whom the new prince himself was supposed to be one of them and among them.
Those secrets broke out after the sons formally asked the Swiss banks to freeze his father Khalifa’s money, claiming they belong to the Sheikdom.
Playing the card of corruption by prince Hamad against his father, had achieved its business, as the real goal was not returning the country’s money to its treasury, but it was stopping the father Khalifa’s thinking about any attempt to go back to the rule.
So it was.. as it was fixed with Arab mediations, so the father pledged not committing any suspicious moves, or contact his internal supporters.
He agreed to appoint his senior assistants, who used to live an Abu Dhabi.
The road to Washington..
The coup plan’s success in the world of kingdoms and emirates, is not complete by insuring the present of the ruling father only, yet in insuring the future of the sons the crown prince’s as well.
This is exactly, what Mosa fully realized.
As her husband suffer of kidney failure, and appointing her younger son sheikh Jasem as crown prince is currently not enough.
Especially that he has many opponents and enemies.
As his brothers from his step mother are demanding their right in the emirate, and his uncle Abdulla is strong and powerful, and see himself worthy of taking over the sheikdom.
So she had to develop her relations in the milieu of the ruling family to insure the sheikdom and the emirate for her sons no others.
And paving the road to Washington with its geographical distance was politically shorter for Mosa, who doesn’t know how to play politics.
The new image of Mosa..
Mosa preceded her younger son to Washington, in his first visit to USA, after he became the crown prince.
It was said back then, that Mosa is presenting herself as a free Gulf sheika, wearing jeans, and go out without a man with her, which is not familiar neither in the Gulf nor in Qatar.
She doesn’t even wear a gown or a veil.
Results showed later that Jasem’s visit to Washington, and his mother’s visit before him, aimed for US guarantees to support the current rule militarily and politically, through the US military presence in Qatar.
But later, the facts showed that the young sheikh Jasem is not good for achieving that on the far extend.
As in 2003, sheikh Jasem gave up the crown prince position to his brother Tamim, for obscure reasons to the ruling family members.
All Washington in Qatar..
The Israeli diplomat “Sammy Ravel” , who was the president of the first office to represent the Israeli interests in Doha, between 1996 and 1999, connected in his book which its Arabic translation was issued by a publishing house called “Jazirat Al-Ward”, in Cairo.
He connected between the progressing of sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, the prince of Qatar to the power, after overthrowing his father, and the acceleration of the growing relations between Qatar and Israel, saying: “The prince hastened to root his country’s relations with the United States, through signing a joint defense agreement with it, and allowing it establish US military bases in his country”.
Which provided a US protection for the emirate in facing any pressure that it might face from the seniors surrounding it.
And brought to mind, a declaration by the new Qatari prince to (nbc) channel, only three months after becoming the new prince, Said in it: “There is a plan for a gas project between Qatar, Israel and Jordan, which is underway”.
The prince demanded to end the imposed economic siege by the Arabs on Israel.
Sammy Ravel, says that Qatar’s embark upon normalizing the relations with Israel, and specially exporting gas to it, aimed to market the north field in Qatar, which is described as the largest natural gas field in the world.
The gas in this field is estimated to more than 25 Trillion m3.
Ravel claim that the tensions witnessed by the Egyptian-Israeli relations, is due to the pressures by Egypt on Qatar, to restrain it’s rushing relations with Israel.
As Cairo is worried about its regional position on the political side, and in fear that Doha might lead the deal to export gas to Israel, instead of Egypt.
The deal which always been controversial within the political and economical and the public milieu.
Sources in the Qatari opposition, confirm from another view, that prince Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani offered in return of the US presence in his country, which insure the sustainability of his rule the country, he offered normalizing his relations with Israel, and open the Qatari gas pipes to light Europe, and turn the US military presence in Qatar into a permanent presence, that outnumber the US presence in US bases in Bahrain, specially Al-Addid US Air-base in Qatar, as according to a report by WSJ, this airport runway, is considered the longest in the Middle East.
As it is 4500m long, and building it cost more than 1 Billion Dollars
even though Qatar did not own more than 12 war aircrafts, back then.
In this context, shikh Hamad Bin Jasem Bin Jabr Al-Thani, the Qatari foreign minister, say: “We cannot defend Qatar, if a large force would attack us, so we need the presence of the US forces, and the US needs us”.
Hamad Bin Jasem Bin Jabr Al-Thani, the man that the prince highly admires and appreciates his potentials, as the secret that many don’t know about, is that prince Hamad Bin Khalifa do not leave the country without asking his uncle and foreign minister and prime minister to leave with him, as from one side, he doesn’t want to repeat his father’s mistake, and from another side, he is in constant need of Bin Jasem’s services.
Apart from anything else, Hamad Bin Jasem granted Qatar its biggest pride …
Qatar under protection, and the first condition
In mid 90s, sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani became the prince of Qatar
Normalizing relations with Israel, and the US military presence in the country, where not the only two conditions to protect the prince throne.
But Qatar had to raise in its Jar, a small Cobra snake, that grew up and became strong.
And on the flute tones, this snake bring out its head, spread its poison, and then sleep when needed.
In mid 90s, BBC Arabic had to close its offices as a result of the strict control policies of Saudi Arabia, which was a partner in the channel.
Qatar noticed the chance, and in April 1996, less than one year of Hamad’s rule in Qatar, Al-Jazeera channel was established.
And since the establishment of the channel, the Qataris said it is an independent channel, that work without a governmental interference.
But practically, the Qatari foreign minister Hamad Bin jasem Al-Thani appointed his men to run it, and linked the Qatari foreign ministry’s representatives with the task of pushing it forward.
What was wanted from Al-Jazeera?
Al-Jazeera has become a source of basic legitimacy for the rule of prince Hamad, a mix of a popular television station, and an unlimited wealth, that allows the son of Khalifa to go ahead with unimaginable economical adventures, to enhance his image.
Like committing to spend 37 Million Dollars to host the 2022 football world cup
And to buy a privilege to cover Barcelona club shirt with 165 Million Euros
Or compete on the ownership of Manchester United club.
Add to that, conducting campaigns that would serve the interests of the emirate and Prince.
for example, in 1996 Qatar invested more than 1 Billion Dollars to build Al-Addid US military base, but in the first years, Qatar noticed that the Americans are assigning small tasks for the base… like a storage camp.
So the prince ordered Al-Jazeera to wage a media campaign, demanding to remove the US forces from the Arab island.. i.e. from Saudi Arabia.
In order to move to his country (Qatar).. This is what really happened.
After that, Al-Jazeera did not repeat the talks about the US bases, when USA built two bases in Qatar.
With time, the Qataris harvested their yield, as most of the forces in Saudi Arabia, had been moved to Qatar.
And thus Al-Jazeera became showing her head sometimes, and hides it in other times
shed light on things, and be completely absent on others to translate the US-Qatari understanding and comprehension in its clearest images.
As in time USA found herself in need to overturn the region’s map, in the beginning of 2011, Al-Jazeera had turned with all that it own, to serve this approach, even at the expense of any spilled Arab blood.
At a time of turning its blind eye to all the violations in occupied Palestine, from killing and settlement expansion on one hand
And all the abuses and corruption cases that’s taking place in Qatar itself on another hand.
The future of rule in Qatar…. till when?!
It was announced recently a failed coup attempt on the rule of Sheikh Hamad, led by the Qatari Army Chief of Staff, General Hamad Bin Ali Alatiya.
Followed by isolating at least thirty officers in the Qatari army, while some of them were placed under house arrest, with the help of US elements in civilian clothes, participated in raids and arrests.
Also US military forces had deployed in Doha streets, and around the sensitive spots and places, after the success of the coup for a period of time, in an attempt to foil it.
The news of the coup coincided with a statement issued by figures in the princely families in Qatar accompanied by politians opposing the current ruling regime, announcing their un-recognition of the legitimacy of prince Hamad Bin Khalifa
and assuming the power of Qatar emirate to his brother who live in France Abdullaziz bin Khalifa bin Hamad Al-Thani.
66 figures of the Qatari opposition signed the statement, among them 16 figures from Al-Thani family itself.
The statement included dangerous accusation of prince Hamad, among them establishing relations with Israel, and employment for the United States, and the work on the dispersal of the Arab ranks.
Besides getting involved with his family and the family of his wife of corruption and social injustice.
In addition to considering the on-going media appearance of Mosa in untraditional clothes that contradict the Qatari traditions, a very shameful mater.
The statement also adopted the call that was launched on Facebook to topple the ruling regime of Qatar.
Sources in the ruling family revealed that what infuriated the Qatari people generally, and in the milieu of the ruling family elders personally, was leaking two video clips of the prince.. The first, reveal a secret visit by Hamad Bin Khalifa accompanied by his uncle Hamad bin Jasem to Tel Aviv.
The clip shows the prince’s reaction toward the Israeli camera man’s attempt to film him, the prince said to him in English: “Do not reveal us”.
Another video, more dangerous, shows prince Hamad documenting the process of loading the U.S. aircrafts from its bases in Qatar with white phosphorus bombs, ammunition and military equipment.
And the establishment of a military bridge between Doha and Tel Aviv through a third country, during the recent assault on Gaza Strip.
Which was coinciding to the extent of matching, with Qatar’s undertaking (with all its potentials) the sponsorship and funding of her file with Millions of Dollars
In order to win to host the 2022 Football World Cup .
The latest release, the request of Qatar that Israel provide the protection of Qatar’s sports facilities, during the same world cup
All this was at a time Gaza people did not have any support of help.
Under the influence of all of the above factors and data, the frustration, rancor, rejection and popular unrest in Qatar are growing on one side, and the Arab public from another side, against the dual and contradictory Qatari role, that Qatar is dealing with using two arms.
The first is the arm of her public relations that support Palestinians through the media channel Al-Jazeera, that was stripped naked by the recent Arab events and exposed its role.
With the other arm, it provides the Zionist Palestinian executioner with the tools to kill them and shed their blood.
Finally, the bet remains on the moment that authorizes the public anger inside and outside Qatar to burst.
Anger, in case it was authorized to burst, it will burn and will not leave anything……..
The History of Rule in Qatar..
Translated by ((JaNo Souria))
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