We are all Muslims at the end of the day. We believe in the same God, follow the same Quran, follow the same prophet .. In the Quran it says “hold to the rope of Allah strongly and be Not divided” (The Quran) and in surah Al nisa it says “obey Allah and obey the Messenger”
Allah tells us that if anyone divides the religion of Islam into Sects and divides them The Prophet(pbuh) will have nothing to do with them, Allah will look after their affairs on the day of judgement. You need to ask yourself “what was the beloved Prophet?” He was a Muslim. He wasn’t “Shi’a” or Sunni and wasn’t divided into a sect when someone would ask he would say “I’m Muslim”.
Ending a Muslim life in the interests of the religion is prohibited in Islam ,also
taking one’s own life. Killing another person is an even greater sin than killing oneself;
The Muslim army is prohibited from killing other Muslims, as well as old men, women and children from among the unbelievers. In the Holy Quran is written: “Anyone who kills a believer deliberately will receive as his reward (a sentence) to live in Hell for ever. God will be angry with him and curse him, and prepare
dreadful torment for him” (4:93). The Prophet has also said about the
dhimmis (the non-Muslim citizens of the Muslim State): “One who kills
a man under covenant (i.e. a dhimmi) will not even smell the fragrance
of Paradise” (al-Bukhari and Abu Dawud)
“Do not enter any houses except your own
homes unless you are sure of their occupants’ consent” (24:27)
Muslims are enjoined to invite people to embrace
Islam and advance arguments in favor of it, they are not asked to
enforce this faith on them. No force will be applied in order to compel
them to accept Islam. Whoever accepts it he does so by his own choice.
Muslims will welcome such a convert to Islam with open arms and
admit him to their community with equal rights and privileges. But if
somebody does not accept Islam, Muslims will have to recognize and
respect his decision, and no moral, social or political pressure will be
put on him to change his mind.
Along with the freedom of conviction and freedom of conscience,
Islam has given the right to the individual that his religious sentiments
will be given due respect and nothing will be said or done which may
encroach upon this right. It has been ordained by God in the Holy
Quran: “Do not abuse those they appeal to instead of God” (6:108).
These instructions are not only limited to idols and deities, but they
also apply to the leaders or national heroes of the people. If a group of
people holds a conviction which according to you is wrong, and holds
certain persons in high esteem which according to you is not deserved
by them, then it will not be justified in Islam that you use abusive
language for them and thus injure their feelings. Islam does not prohibit
people from holding debate and discussion on religious matters, but it
wants that these discussions should be conducted in decency. “Do not
argue with the people of the Book unless it is in the politest manner”
(29:46)-says the Quran. This order is not merely limited to the people
of the Scriptures, but applies with equal force to those following other
In Islam, war is not the prerogative of the individual but of an established government. Only an established government can declare war. In other words, individuals can pray on their own, but they cannot wage wars of their own accord. Only when a war is declared by the ruling government, can the public join in and support it, and not before that. Islam does not sanction individual actions on this issue. Therefore no Non Governmental Organization or NGO can declare a war.
As a general principle, the Quran tells us that, even where an external attack is feared, the common man should not act independently, but should take the matter to the ruler, and then under his guidance take proper counter measures. (4:83).
The Hadith also states that ‘the ruler is a shield, fighting is done under him, and security is attained through him.’
This clearly shows that the decision to do battle and its planning are the tasks of an established government. The common man can play his role as need be under government orders, and not independently.
This Islamic principle shows that there is no room for non-state warfare, which is what we generally call guerilla war. A guerilla war is fought by individual organizations, not by the State. As far as the state is concerned, if it wants to wage a defensive war against any country it has first—in obedience to the Quran—to issue a proper declaration. Only then can it wage a lawful war (8:58). In Islam, there is only ‘declared’ war. Therefore, in accordance with this principle, no proxy war in Islam can be lawful.
Most Islamic actions are governed by certain conditions. The waging of war is also thus subject to certain principles, one being that, even when a defensive war has been declared by the State, it will be aimed only at the combatants. Targeting non-combatants will be unlawful. The Quran enjoins us not to do battle with those who are not at war. Such people have to be dealt with kindly and equitably. But you are free to do battle with those who are fighting against you. (60:8-9)
If, for instance, a Muslim state is at war with a particular nation, and this war is in conformance with Islamic principles, it should still not permit any destructive activities against non-combatants (civilians),Muslims are not permitted to commit suicidal bombings in order to destroy the enemy. Strapping explosives on to oneself and hurling oneself upon the civilian settlements of even those with whom one is at war, for the purpose of destroying the enemy, and in the process killing oneself deliberately, is totally un-Islamic. This can in no way be termed ‘Shahadah’ (martyrdom). According to Islam we can become martyrs, but we cannot court a martyr’s death deliberately.
It is true that jihad is one of the most important teachings of Islam. But jihad is not synonymous with war. In Islam another word is used for war and fighting. This word is ‘qital.’ When the Qur’an refers to war or fighting, it uses the word qital and not jihad.
Jihad literally means to strive or to struggle. So jihad actually means peaceful struggle, especially for da‘wah work. The Qur’an says:
Do great jihad with the help of the Qur’an. (25:52) not with your sword or gun!