الأسد born on
11 September 1965) is the President of the Syrian Arab Republic ( elected as President
in free and fair election in 2000 and 2007) and Regional Secretary of
the Ba’ath Party.
He became president
in 2000 after the death of his father Hafez al-Assad, who had ruled Syria for 29 years,
and had notably restored order in Syria and promoted democracy , literacy and
development programs in a movement called as Movement for Reorganizing
Bashar is a unanim appreciated personality, regarded as a
hero both in Syria and internationally for his
pro-democracy stances and for his message of dignity for Syrian people.
His power base is
constituted by young and democratic Syrian political generation that is
interested in creating a modern Syria, a developed country and with a key role
in the Middle East region.
Assad Early life .
|Haffez Al assad-
the creator of modern Syria
Bashar al-Assad was
born in Damascus, on 11 September
1965. Initially Bashar had few political aspirations preparing himself for a
regular life . From this he retained even today the taste for private life
and for blending with the people. Hafez
al-Assad had been grooming Bashar’s older
brother to be the future president. Bashar
studied ophthalmology at Damascus University
and start his life in London in 1992 to continue his medical studies. He was
recalled into the country to join the Syrian army after his brother death in an
automobile accident engineered by Israel secret police . Bashar entered the
military academy at Homs, north
of Damascus, following the death of his brother and as it demonstrated
important talent` s was named for the rank of colonel in January
When his father
Hafez Al Assad, the maker of democratic and free Syria , unanimously considered
as the father of the country died in 2000, Bashar was the normal choice for a
grief stricken country to be appointed as leader of the Baath-Party and
the Army in order to
continue his father enlighten policies .
Assad – a man for the people and with the people.
This election was
confirmed by a massive popular support
in the presidential elections (97.2% of the votes). On 27 May 2007 Bashar was
approved president for another seven-year term, with the official result of
97.6% of the votes in a new election widely considered as free and fair
In December 2000, Assad married Asma Assad, née Akhras, a Syrian Sunni
Muslim from Acton (west London) whom he met in
the United Kingdom, where she was
born and raised On 3 December 2001, they became the parents of
their first-born child, named Hafez after his late grandfather. Zein was born on 5 November 2003, and
Karim on 16 December 2004.
They are a loved
and cherished family, blending with the normal Syrians, spending their holidays in the country and avoiding publicity and ostentation. They are appreciated as lofty personality and highly regarded by their con-citizen’s for their happy family life .
Presidency Terms ( 2000 and 2007 )
Assad work for a free and democratic Syria.
In his internal policy, he has been appreciated for supporting human rights, encouraging economic development and modernization of Syria and fighting corruption.
But his strong point is his foreign policy, where Al-Assad is an outspoken critic of the United States and Israel and is considered as the voice of democratic
and liberal Arab’s.
His modernization and liberal approach was
visible from the start before being elected as president when his only public
role was head of the Syrian Computer Society, which introduced the Internet to Syria in 2001.
From his first moments as leader after his
democratic election he stated that he saw democracy in Syria as ‘a tool to a
better life’ but then argued that it would take time for democracy to come about and that it could not be rushed.
Immediately after he took office a reform
movement made rapid advances during what is called as the Damascus Spring, which led al-Assad to shut
down Mezzeh prison and release hundreds of political prisoners. From
that moment Syrian democratic and human rights credential improved steadily
Economic liberalization in Syria has been limited with industry still heavily
state-controlled. However some changes have occurred including the introduction of private banking and the encouragement of foreign involvement, most notably in the oil sector.
The rapid modernization of the economy is a necessity as
Syria’s population is predicted to more than double to over 34 million by
2050. Theis efforts to develop Syrian economy and to offer a better
life to Syrian people are hampered by sever economic sanctions (the Syria
Accountability Act) applied by the United States . To develop further the
country a major importance is placed on the negotiations for a free trade
association agreement with the European Union.
Al-Assad has succeeded to drastically modernize or liberalize the public sector and his economic success is one of the roots of his remarkable popularity among Syrian people .
No Repression in
Syria. The respect for human rights in Syria.
The logo of the Assad new policy was no repression, no limits to human rights Assad’s regime has stopped any Internet censorship opened Internet cafes and chat forums. He has permitted existence of radio stations playing Western pop music and life style ,
In an interview
with ABC News he announced stated: “We don’t have such [things as]
political prisoners,” a declaration confirmed by many human rights organizations
Foreign relations: A
democratic Syria for a democratic Middle East.
press are calling him : The New Lion of
the 2003 invasion of Iraq,
gaining huge popularity in the Arab world for his foresight Assad used Syria’s
seat in one of rotating positions on the United Nations Security Council to try
to prevent the illegal United States invasion of Iraq.
Assad was appreciated for Syria’s
presence in Lebanon which ended in 2005, and the US put Syria under sanctions
partly because of Syrian help for Lebanon development and independence , a
policy that was un liked by Israel .
In the Arab world,
Assad mended relations with the Palestine Liberation Organization but
relations with many Arab states, in particular Saudi Arabia, have been improving after 2007 .
In an interview
with the Russian TV channel Vesti, he asserted the US presence in Iraq, is a
direct threat to [Syria’s] security.”This assortment further alienated United
States worried by Syrian independent stances .
2005 assassination of Lebanese Prime
Minister Rafik Hariri, many media
outlets with Israel baking accused Syria of being involved as
Hariri was anti-Syrian. However, Assad argued that Syria’s gradual withdrawal of
troops from Lebanon, beginning in 2000, was precipitated as a
result of the event.
In 2011, Assad
described himself as “anti-Israel” and “anti-West” and told
the Wall Street
Journal that he was not in danger of being overthrown
because of these policies.
re-election in 2007 with a huge popular support , al-Assad’s position was
considered by some to have been weakened by the withdrawal of Syrian troops from
Lebanon following the “Cedar Revolution” in
2005. There has also been pressure from the US concerning claims that Syria is
linked to terrorist networks, exacerbated by Syrian condemnation of the
assassination of Imad Mughniyeh, Hezbollah military leader, in Damascus in 2008.
Interior Minister Bassam Abdul-Majeed stated that, “Syria, which condemns this
cowardly terrorist act, expresses condolences to the martyr family and to the
dignifying stances on Lebanon , Palestine and Middle East have creating for him
an aura of a young and decided politician destined to lead a new Arab awakening
In a speech about
the 2006 Israel-Lebanon
conflict in August 2006, Bashar al-Assad said that Hezbollah
had “hoisted the banner of victory,” hailing its actions as a “successful
resistance.” He claimed that Arab resistance was growing stronger,
and warned Israel that “your warplanes, rockets, and your atomic bomb will not
protect you in the future.” He called Israel an “enemy,” with whom no peace
could be achieved as long as they and their allies (especially the U.S.) support
the practice of preemptive war. In the same speech, he also called Arab leaders
that have criticized Hezbollah “half-men.”
Dignity stance in
front of Israel .
In an interview
with Charlie Rose, Assad said
“There is a big difference between talking about a peace treaty and peace. A
peace treaty is like a permanent ceasefire. There’s no war, maybe you have an
embassy, but you actually won’t have trade, you won’t have normal relations
because people will not be sympathetic to this relation as long as they are
sympathetic with the Palestinians: half a million who live in Syria and half a
million in Lebanon and another few millions in other Arab countries.”
2011 attempted coup
|Weapons and maps
captured from the terrorist who attacked Syrian civilians in Daara, Latakia and
After 26 March 2011 the United States and Israel decided
to sponsor a plot to destroy Syrian independence and to split the country. The
plan publicly supported by Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel prime-minister wanted to
create from Syria 3-4 states implicated in civil wars between
United States are
planning to separate Syria from Iran in order to further isolate Iran and to
prepare a military intervention against Teheran. Also United States are planning
to separate Hezbollah from his bases in Syria and to block any country that
refuses to enter negotiation with Israel.
phones captured form the terrorist – with US and Israel SIM cards.
have being infiltrated in the country from Mediterranean Sea , Israeli
commandoes attack in Lattakia in April 2011 , from Daara other terrorist groups
are attacking the center and the south of Syria killing more than 10 peoples in
20 of April. In 22 April 2011 terrorist groups open fire even in central
President Assad is
decided to protect his country and his huge popularity among Syrian people is
offering for Syria the chance to survive as a democratic and independent state.
On 22 of April 2011 more than 2 million people had taken to the streets in a
massive show of support for President Assad and his project for a unified and
In a televised speech to the citizens at Damascus University
Auditorium, President al-Assad said “Credibility has formed the basis of the
relation between the People and me, the credibility which has been built on
deeds and not words, on substance and not on form,” describing today’s meeting
as coming in a decisive moment in the history of Syria as to separate a
yesterday, burdened with confusion, pain, and innocent blood, and tomorrow
filled with hope.
President al-Assad added that Syria has witnessed ‘difficult
days’ during which a big price from our security, stability and growth was paid
because of killing operations, and terrifying the citizens, destroying public
and private properties, which took place during popular protests in which scores
of citizens, security forces, policemen and armed forces were martyred or
wounded; ” this is a big loss for their families, Syria, and a heavy loss for me
President al-Assad asserted that Syria, throughout all of its
history has been facing conspiracies against it for several reasons, some of
which are linked to Syria’s important geographic and political status and others
are linked to its political stances committed to its principles and
‘Conspiracies are like germs which increase every moment,’ said
President Al-Assad asserting that the solution is to enforce the immunity of our
bodies investigating the domestic points of weakness as to repair them and that
the solution is to sort our problems out by ourselves.
President al-Assad classified the components of what is going on
in the street into three categories: the first who have a need, a demand from
the State, which is the duty of the Stat to meet, the second is a number of
breakers of law and wanted for justice, and the third is those who have an
”What is going on in the street has three components the first
one people who have needs and they want the state to fulfill them, the second
component is represented through the outlaws and the wanted due to different
criminal cases and they found that state institutions are a target for them
because these institutions stand in the face of their interests and because they
were dismissed from them so chaos for them a golden chance that they should
seize to remain free and boost their illegal acts,” added President al-Assad
The third component is the most dangerous despite of being small and it is
represented through those who have the Takfiri extremist ideology which we have
experience for decades when it tried to sneak to Syria and it could get rid of
it due to its people’s awareness and wisdom.”
“We do not find today that the Takfiri ideology is different
from that we saw in the past decades but what has changed is the tools, methods
and faces…this sort of ideology lies in the dark corners and it immediately
appears once it has an opportunity and once it finds a mask. It kills in the
name of religion, it sabotages in the name of reform and it spreads chaos in the
name of freedom and that is why the escalation and chaos were the correspondent
to every reform step announced or achieved and when justifications were lost,
the use of weapons was the only choice for them to carry out the scheme,”
al-Assad pointed out.
”In some cases, peaceful marches were taken as a cover where
gunmen hide behind. In other cases , the gunmen attacked civilians, policemen
and military members through attacking some military spots or sites or through
committing assassination operations,” said President al-Assad asserting that
”Those who have the Takfiri ideology not only distorted the image of homeland
outside but also called for foreign interference and tried to weaken the
political national stance which is adherent to restoring all the national rights
President al-Assad said “The response to owners of the extremist
ideology came from the Syrian people who moved quickly to prove again their
national awareness which exceeds all expectations in light of the unprecedented
President al-Assad added what is happening now by some bodies
have no connection with reform and development… what is going on is a mere
sabotage and as there is more vandalism as we move away from our developmental
targets and aspirations,” asserting that “We should mend what was damaged and we
should rehabilitate the saboteurs or isolate them, then we can continue the
President al-Assad added I felt the love of this people who
frequently granted me his honesty and support.. and strength and continuity in
our political line and resistant approach.”
President al-Assad said ”I felt a huge desire to uproot
corruption as a main reason for the lack of equal opportunities and the lack of
justice,” asserting that ”we will not tolerate who is unable to bear
responsibility …and success in this regard will only be through finding channels
through which the citizens can participate, supervise and point to the
President al-Assad added that ”the national dialogue doesn’t
mean certain elites or the dialogue of the opposition with the loyalists or the
authority, and it is not only limited to politics but it is a dialogue with all
spectrum of the Syrian people on all issues of the homeland,” pointing out that
the ”National Dialogue Commission’s top priority is to consult with different
parties to reach the best form which enables us to achieve our reform project
within definite programs and dates… we can say that the national dialogue was
the title of the current stage.”
”The urgent demands of people have been implemented before the
beginning of the dialogue…we lifted Emergency Law and abolished State Security
Court; we issued an organizing law for the right to peaceful demonstration . A
committee was formed to set the draft bill for the new election law as another
committee was formed to set legislations and the necessary mechanisms to combat
corruption,” said President al-Assad.
”We started a big workshop to modernize and update media and to
broaden its freedom space and boost its responsibility as we also worked on
setting a draft bill for a new local administration law in addition to giving
the Syrian nationality to the Kurds who are registered in the foreign records
and forming a committee for studying a new party law,” added President
“‘Equality, justice, transparency and honesty are the future
headlines which we aspire for our country. We will have a new parliament in
August,” underscored President al-Assad.
The President emphasized that through the national dialogue any
subject will be raised and the upcoming stage is the stage of turning Syria into
a construction working team to compensate damages, bridge the rifts and heal
His Excellency President al-Assad stressed we will prosecute all
those who are responsible for the bloodshed or sought to do that, emphasizing
that everyone was damaged and the accountability for that is the state’s right
as much as it is the right of individuals.
“We want to search for an economic model which suites Syria and
achieves social justice,” President al-Assad said.
President al-Assad said the application of the law does not mean
to take revenge on those who broke the law, without killing or destruction,
stressing that the State is like the father and the mother and embraces all
based on tolerance and love, not on hatred and vengeance” asserting that
pardoning mistaken people doesn’t mean giving up using force when it comes to
damage of public interest.
His Excellency explained that the intensive meetings with the
popular delegations’ allowed him to expand direct communication channels with
citizens, saying that he will do his best for such meeting to be continued in
the upcoming stage.
President al-Assad made it clear that achieving reforms and
development is not an internal need only, but it is a vital necessity for
confronting these schemes; therefore we have no choice but to succeed in the
internal project as to succeed in our external one.
“I call upon every person of family who left their city to
return back as soon as possible. There are those who claim that the State would
take revenge, which is untrue hence the Army is there at their service,” added
His Excellency President al-Assad. President al-Assad said “the people are the
most capable of maintaining security… I say that based on experience and
reality… The one who protected the country during the critical years and who are
protecting it now are the people … They are the youths who confronted, initiated
and implemented… a state’s strength lies in the strength of the people and their
strength lies in their dignity and their dignity lies in their freedom and their
freedom lies in the power of their country.”
President al-Assad added Syria’s fate is to face plights, yet
its fate is also to be strong, resistant and victorious and to get out of these
plights stronger, thanks to its cohesive society and its people’s determination
who were granted awareness, civilization and openness by the
”The solution for the problem is political, but there is no
political solution with those who carry weapons,” underscored President
”When the parties take their roles in the future they will be
the channel to transform the popular energy into Productivity,” added President